The smash is the most aggressive shot in
badminton. The world's fastest badminton smash was belonged to Tan Boon Heong of Malaysia (421km/ hr).
Smashes are used differently in singles and doubles. In badminton singles the smash should be used sparingly – only when you
are confident of a weak return.
In badminton doubles you
should smash more often – after all, it's your partner's job to cover the strong returns!
technique for smashing is very similar to serving in tennis or throwing a ball
How to Smash Effectively
of smashing involves moving into
position, preparing for the shot and
then hitting the smash.
1. Moving into position: Footwork
play a shot effectively unless you are in position in good time – you need time to come to a halt and center your balance
before you try and take the shot.
2. Preparing – the Ready Position
should be relaxed – tense muscles move more slowly than loose ones. Use the forehand grip (same as in tennis) –
keep a relaxed grip too!
on, so that your non-racket foot and shoulder are towards the direction you
wish to smash.
If you are
positioned correctly, you should be standing so that the shuttlecock would drop
down the back of your neck, were you to let it fall.
non-racket arm should point up towards the shuttlecock, while your racket arm
should also be raised, with your elbow bent and your wrist un-cocked so that
your racket is pointing upwards. (picture
1 below). Your weight should be on your
3. Hitting the Smash
Ignore the fact that the player is jumping in this picture - follow
the same motion, but instead of jumping, take a step forward as you hit.
are aiming to hit the shuttlecock at the highest point you can
comfortably so – so your arm and racket should be fully extended at the
point of impact.
Imagine you are ‘throwing’ your racket through
the shuttlecock. Your muscles should be loose up to the point of impact.
Don’t try to hit the shuttlecock hard! This will cause your muscles to
tighten. You may find it hard to believe – but the smoother and more
fluid the motion, the faster and more consistent the smash will be.
The key principle is to maximize the acceleration of the racket and the weight of your body which you ‘use’ in the shot.
stated, “Your non-racket arm should point up towards the shuttlecock,
while your racket arm should also be raised, with your elbow bent and
your wrist un-cocked so that your racket is pointing upwards.”
should lead the motion with your non-racket arm, which should start off
pointing towards the shuttlecock. As it moves forwards and downwards,
your shoulders will rotate (see picture 2). As your
shoulders rotate you should simultaneously start to step forward and
swing your forearm forward, so that you racket arm and racket leg are
moving forward at the same time (3).
forearm swings forward, you should ‘cock’ your wrist – tilt it backwards
so that your racquet is pointing downwards rather than upwards. Your
elbow should also turn so that your racket is pointing behind your back (4).
as you swing your arm forward, you should rotate your forearm round and
straighten your elbow – so that your arm is straightening out as you
‘throw’ the racket towards the shuttlecock (5).
before impact you should flick your wrist, generating extra speed as
the racket hits the shuttlecock. The shuttlecock should hit the center
of the racket, with racket flat to the shuttlecock at the point of
impact. The racket should face downwards so that the shuttlecock flies
at a steep downwards angle over the net.
The point of impact
should be slightly in front of you, your arm and racket outstretched so
that you hit the shuttlecock as high in the air as possible, but without
your arm being hyper-extended – there should still be a slight bend in
your elbow to avoid the possibility of injury.
Diagram 6 comes after the impact with the
shuttlecock, but if you imagine the racket continuing the line of the
arm, that’s the point where it should hit the shuttlecock. Like in the
picture on the right.
Your racket should follow through in an arc and come to rest near your non-racket leg – so that your racket arm is across your body (8).
good follow through maintains your racket speed as you hit the
shuttlecock, so that you put the maximum force into the impact. So you
should be hitting through the shuttlecock!
technique may feel strange to start with. Try practicing in front of a
mirror without shuttlecocks until it feels more comfortable. Then get a
friend to feed you high lifts so you can practice the smash. Soon you
should be hitting the shuttlecock much better and harder than before!
Article was quoted from BadmintonDoubles.com